Thursday, August 27, 2020

The Role of Sound and Music in Modern Cinema Essay

The Role of Sound and Music in Modern Cinema - Essay Example This paper discrubes the most significant impact the approach of sound had on screenplays was that screenwriters were currently ready to utilize exchange and give their characters a voice. To make a decision a differentiation must be made in regards to an executive's particular expressive and tasteful decisions inside the individual artworks. What's more, as the improvement of sound throughout the decades has appeared, the approach of new advances, movie hypothesis and analysis, crowds and kind desires, studio premiums, showcasing issues, throwing, social developments, patterns and forms would all be able to impact an executive's thinking behind the individual plan of a soundtrack. By investigating the chronicled improvement of sound in the motion pictures, from a piano player envisioning dashing ponies to its first appearance in The Jazz Singer in 1927, to the unbelievably executed move scene in Godard's Band a parte, to Tarantino's post-present day use of well known melody, plainly stable has formed into the equivalent accomplice of cinematography as the chief's primary narrating device. Spearheaded throughout the decades by such flexible chiefs like Renoir, Godard, Hitchcock, Leone and Coppola, sound plan and score have given characters a voice, areas an environment, the story a bringing together power and brought about crowds not exclusively having the option to appreciate spell-bouncing visuals, yet in addition to welcome a film with all its passionate, subliminal, sensible or strange sound stylish features. To close, solid structure and score can't be perused as random elements in a movies' soundtrack. Since the commencement of film, producers have found that sound structure and film music are similarly successful narrating tools.... The accompanying models show how solid has been utilized as a flexible and amazing narrating instruments in the films. Sound can: set up the disposition for a film: The initial scene of Le Mepris where shots of Brigitte Bardot's bare body are joined by a melancholic score that demonstrates that disaster is approaching. mirror a film's subject: The 'dueling banjo' scene in Deliverance, where a hillbilly kid beats a city-slicker, bolsters the film's topic of socio-social contrasts among rustic and urban America. be utilized as an altering device to make cadence: The simulated intercourse in Delicatessen where all exercises in a high rise musically adjust to the sound of loop springs under a couple's bed. make tension: The forceful string theme in Jaws shows a shark assault is up and coming. mirror a character: The happy woodwind tune that presents free-soul Nobody toward the start of My Name Is Nobody. place a film in a particular social and authentic setting: Ska, Northern Soul and 19 80's pop tunes make up the soundtrack of This Is England (2006) that is set in the English Skinhead scene of 1983. It must be noticed that previously mentioned films are instances of how stable plan and film music (which means both a score that is explicitly made for a film just as distributed music) are utilized as a narrating device. To be sure, it is difficult to distinguish only one film that doesn't utilize sound structure and music on its soundtrack. Consequently, my contention in the accompanying article will be that sound structure and film music don't exist independently yet make up a film's aural scene together, as they are both ground-breaking sound narrating apparatuses in their own right. Besides, I will dissect the inspirations driving individual executives' various methodologies towards

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Is Wind Going Green Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Is Wind Going Green - Essay Example This implies wind is making strides toward environmental friendliness. This article will examine how wind vitality is supposed to be becoming environmentally viable. Wind vitality can be characterized as the transformation of motor vitality to a helpful type of intensity. This is accomplished using wind turbines, windmills, and wind siphons. Contrasted with other vitality sources, wind power has a few focal points thus; it is a superior other option. Wind vitality is abundant, sustainable, creates no emanations, and it is broadly dispersed (Walker and Jenkins, 1997). Along these lines, wind power has no impacts on nature, contrasted with different wellsprings of vitality. By 2010, wind vitality creation was over 2.5% around the world. This is a development of over 24% per annum. Wind power age has become a well known vitality age. Be that as it may, the development of wind ranches isn't all around invited. Generally, a large portion of the urban communities on the planet have begun stepping up to the plate and make strides toward environmental friendliness. These days, it is unmistakably clear that most business structures have little wind turbines which are utilized for power age. These structures just utilize inexhaustible wellsprings of intensity that are normally found; in this way, they are alluded to as green structures. The expression ‘going green’ is currently all around perceived as endeavors planned for ensuring the exhaustion of the ozone layer (Rhodes, 2011). Research declares that state venture charge credits have essentially diminished the weight of people who put resources into wind power. This credit gave permits the breeze financial specialists to lessen their expense commitment by some piece of the put sum in a breeze venture. A genuine case of a motivation program is the Orcas Power and Light Cooperative (OPALCO) program (Walker and Jenkins, 1997). This program offers forthright installments for establishment of little wind turbines. Besides, this program has gotten a strangely high customer cooperation rate. In the ongoing past, numerous states have drawn worries about using sustainable power source. Little

Friday, August 21, 2020

Preparing For College Admissions Test - How to Write an Essay on Yourself

Preparing For College Admissions Test - How to Write an Essay on YourselfIf you are taking your college admissions test, it is time to write an essay on your self-description. You might feel awkward about writing this essay and have no idea how to describe yourself. You may be too shy to show your thoughts about yourself in the form of a college essay.Many people prefer to use self-descriptions in the form of essays rather than objective statements. They tend to be honest and give the reader a good idea of what the student is like. Here are some tips to help you write an essay on yourself.You need to start by preparing an accurate description of yourself. Get rid of all the romantic thoughts about yourself that will make your essay sound boring. Keep it simple and provide a factual account of your accomplishments.Next, you should write an accurate description of yourself. When preparing for this essay, ask someone to tell you about your strengths. Think about who else in the class kn ows about you and who is using this information to help you in the course. You need to be clear about your strengths, weaknesses, and what you would like to improve on.The most difficult part of writing this essay is coming up with a unique and original title for your essay. Here are some examples of great titles that have been used by students who write about themselves. You might want to consider these two examples before deciding on a title.'I am the class clown' 'My eating and sleeping habits are erratic.' 'My soccer ability is poor.' Or if you are writing about a sports fan, 'My favorite team plays for the city I live in.' Whatever you decide to call your essay, make sure it is true.Describing myself as a person who loves learning has helped me when writing my essay. I have learned how to come up with a good title for my essay. This could also help you out if you get stuck on the topic or do not have the talent for writing.Self-descriptions are a very good way to prepare for yo ur college admissions test. Your essay on yourself should be fun and creative.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Air Pollution and Some of the Diseases and Problems It Causes

Air pollution refers to chemicals, biological materials, or other harmful toxins released into the Earth’s atmosphere. [3] Most air pollutants are anthropogenic (human-made), such as exhaust emissions and power plants.[ ] Air pollution damages environments and harms the organism that lives in them by causing life threaten diseases. Indoor air pollution and urban air quality is the world’s worst type of pollutants.[ ] Indoor Air pollution and Urban air Quality is responsible for 3.1 million premature deaths worldwide.[ ] Air pollution has caused respiratory, cardiovascular diseases Such as asthma, Cystic Fibrosis, Strokes, Heart attacks, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and many more.[ ] Air pollution ultimately cause serious and life threatening respiratory and cardiovascular disease.[ ] Smog triggers asthma attacks and permanently damage lungs, reduces the function of children’s lungs, and contributes to premature deaths.[ ] Studies have shown that chro nic exposure to air pollution caused excessive health problems.[ ] Statement of Purpose In this paper I will talk about air pollution and some of the diseases and problems it has caused of the number of the years, because this major problem is still going on today. I will also talk about some air pollutants and where they are coming from or what they are caused by, and how to get rid or lower the air pollution. Also in this paper I will talk about how much money it cost to clean up air pollution Type of AirShow MoreRelatedAir Pollution Effect On The Respiratory System And The Cardiovascular System1463 Words   |  6 PagesInstr. Poffenroth Biology 21, Section 1 28 October 2015 Air Pollution’s Effect on the Respiratory System and the Cardiovascular System Air pollution is everywhere in today’s society from vehicles power plants, industries, and even forest fires. These pollutants are either manmade or from natural sources. No matter where they come from one thing they have in common is that these different kinds of pollutants are harmful to people’s health. Air pollutants affect the body’s organ systems causing damageRead MoreThe Effects Of Pollution On The Environment And Ecosystem968 Words   |  4 PagesPollution The air we breathe, the water we drink, the ground where we grow our food, is polluted with harmful things. Pollution is the introduction of harmful or poisonous effects of a substance into the environment. It disrupts the balance of people’s lifestyle when they are contaminate. Pollution balance in the environment and ecosystem. The environment is in the process of becoming unsafe or unsuitable to use. Pollution can come in many different form, such as air, water, soil can have pollutantRead MoreAir Pollution Essay1335 Words   |  6 Pages In recent years, air pollution has become a growing problem in China (Zhang, Chao). According to the newly released scientific paper by Dan Levin, outdoor air pollution contrib7utes to the deaths of 1.6 million people in China every year, and about 4,400 people a day (Levin, Dan). Essentially, air is a major part of our overall health. However, people (including ourselves), especially living in developed countries, suffer from the exposur e of air pollution. This potentially puts our health at riskRead MoreEffects Of Air Pollution Essay1282 Words   |  6 Pagesmany kinds of pollution, but one that has the most impact on humans would be air pollution. In order to live, we must breathe air and surprisingly some things that we breathe takes a toll on our health. Air pollution occurs when pollutants are released into the atmosphere. It has both chronic and acute effects on human health which effects a number of different systems and organsFossil fuel combustion such as diesel fuel, coal, gasoline and natural gas is the main source of air pollution. Most of thisRead MoreAir Pollution : A Threat Of Humans And Nature1198 Words   |  5 PagesAir Pollution: A Threat to Humans and Nature Gary Moore states in his book Living with the Earth that one of the first recorded air pollution events in the United States happened in 1948 in Donora, Pennsylvania. Pollutants from steel manufacturing in the area caused an inversion, the phenomenon whereby cool air is trapped underneath warmer air above and air pollutants are trapped. Seventy people died and over six thousand people suffered from symptoms such as nausea, headaches, and irritation toRead MoreTo humans, having a healthy immune system is essential. Our immune system is important because it900 Words   |  4 Pagesimportant because it helps the body fight any foreign bacteria, viruses, and diseases by attacking it, which is why we must take care of it as much as possible by strengthening it. But this so called defense system can also cause problems such as attacking donated organs or blood from another individual, unless the organs or blood are carefully matched. It may also overreact to harmless invaders such as poll en grains, which can cause hayfever, and even in certain cases, the immune system may turn againstRead MoreThe World Is Always Full Of Problems. Some Are More Important1298 Words   |  6 PagesThe world is always full of problems. Some are more important than others while others are not important at all. One of the biggest problems the world has to face is air pollution. Air pollution is a mixture of solid particles and gases in the air. Car emissions, chemicals from factories, dust, pollen, and mold spores are often suspended as particles. Since some air pollutants are poisonous, inhaling them can cause a risk to health issues such as heart and lung disease. Also, according to the WorldRead MoreEffects Of The Vatican And Nazi Germany1375 Words   |  6 Pagesdeaths- as a result of air pollution exposure.† ( The definition of air pollution is the air contains gases, dust, fumes or odor in harmful amounts. That is, amounts which could be harmful to the health or comfort of humans and animals or which could cause damage to plants and materials. Primary air pollutant includes carbon monoxide from car exhausts and sulfur dioxide from the combustion of coal. Further pollution can arise if pollutantsRead MoreThe Most Difficult Challenge My Generation Will Face Is Pollution851 Words   |  4 PagesThe most difficult challenge my generation will face is pollution. Every living being has a job and a role to play in this world, but due to pollution and the disturbance it causes the balance of nature has now shifted. Over the past couple of decades, pollution has become an epidemic problem. The catastrophic impact it has on us is so severe that it even affects our water and air, the two most essential elements on which all life depends upon. Water is one of the most essential thingsRead MoreAir Pollution And Light Pollution1197 Words   |  5 Pages Water, Radioactive, Air, Soil, Light- pollution Water pollution involves the containination of varies water bodies.Many aquatic cretures rely on these water bodies and it natural features to depend upon life. Industrial waste is dumped into these waterbododies , which then causes a chemical imbalance in the water , which than goes into death of the aquatic.Certain natural disaster like flash flood and hurricanes cause the intermixing of water with harmful substances on the land.Their are

Thursday, May 14, 2020

How to Study Archaeology in High School

Although Archaeology isnt offered in every high school, there are lots of relevant subjects to study: history of all kinds, anthropology, religions of the world, geography, civics and economics, biology, botany, chemistry, physics, languages, computer classes, math and statistics, even business classes. All of these courses and a host of others will help you when you start your formal education in archaeology; in fact, the information in these courses will probably help you even if you decide not to go into archaeology. Choose relevant electives. They are presents given to you for free by the school system, and theyre usually taught by teachers who love their subjects. A teacher who loves her/his subject is a great teacher, and that is great news for you. Beyond that, there are several things you can do to practice the skills youll need in archaeology. Write All the Time One of the most crucial skills any scientist can have is the ability to express him/herself well. Write in a journal, write letters, write on little scraps of paper you find lying around. Work on your descriptive powers. Practice describing simple everyday objects around you, even: cell phone, book, DVD, tree, tin can, or whatever is nearest you. You dont have to describe what its used for, necessarily, but what is the texture like, what is its overall shape, what color is it. Use a thesaurus, just pack your descriptions with words. Sharpen Your Visual Skills Buildings are perfect for this. Find an older building—it doesnt have to be terribly old, 75 years or more would be fine. If it is old enough, the house you live in works perfectly. Look at it closely and try to see if you can tell what might have happened to it. Are there scars from old renovations? Can you tell if a room or a window sill was painted a different color once? Is there a crack in the wall? Is there a bricked-up window? Is there a stain on the ceiling? Is there a staircase that goes nowhere or a doorway thats permanently shut? Try to figure out what happened. Visit an Archaeological Dig Call up the local university in town—the anthropology department in the states and Canada, the archaeology or ancient history departments in other parts of the world. See if theyre running an excavation this summer, and see if you can visit. Many of them would be happy to give you a guided tour. Talk to People and Join Clubs People are a terrific resource that all archaeologists use, and you need to recognize that and practice it. Ask someone you know who is older than you or from a different place to describe their childhood. Listen and think about how alike or different your lives have been so far, and how that might have affected the way you both think about things. Join the local archaeology or history club. You dont have to be a professional to join them, and they usually have student rates to join that are pretty cheap. Lots of towns, cities, states, provinces, regions have societies for people who are interested in archaeology. They publish newsletters and magazines and often schedule meetings where you can go hear talks by archaeologists, or even offer training courses for amateurs. Books and Magazines Subscribe to an archaeology magazine, or go read them in the public library. There are several excellent public archaeology outlets where you can learn about how archaeology works, and the latest copies may very well be in your public library right this minute. Use the library and the Internet for research. Every year, more and more content-oriented websites are produced on the Internet; but the library has a vast array of stuff as well, and it doesnt take a computer to use it. Just for the heck of it, research an archaeological site or culture. Maybe you can use it for a paper in school, maybe not, but do it for you. Nurture Your Curiosity The most important thing for any student in any discipline is to learn all the time. Start learning for yourself, not just for school or for your parents or for some possible job in the future. Take every opportunity that comes along, investigate and sharpen your curiosity about the world and the way it works. That is how you become any kind of a scientist: Be excessively curious.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Importance of History Essay - 905 Words

Many students wonder why the study of history is so important in today’s curriculums. A simple answer to that is, one cannot proceed without knowledge of the past, or to say that one learns from others mistakes as well as their own. This being true, another reason to study history is to see, not only our mistakes so we may learn, but also to see the good influences that molded the world and culture we live in. The ancient civilizations of the Greeks, Hebrews and Romans contributed to our modern civilization, not just the eastern-European but western civilization as well. Those cultures and civilizations shaped eastern-European culture which intern shaped our western culture, so for us to truly study our cultural history we must revert†¦show more content†¦Oedipus possessed all the characteristics that were sought after in their society such as being highly respected, knowledgeable and he was the king of the land. However, the Greeks didn’t overlook the fact tha t everybody was human and septable to failure. â€Å"From that day on we called you king we crowned you with honors, Oedipus, towering over all-mighty king of the seven gates of Thebes. Bu now to hear your story—is there a man more agonized? More wed to pain and frenzy? Not a man on earth, the joy of your life ground down to nothing†¦Ã¢â‚¬ (631-632). This quote summarizes the Greek tragedy, that a man so high in social standing can fall so low. The Greeks used stories such as this to portray to their society that nobody is above the struggle of life and to urge the people to lead good lives and to strive for the embodiments that they wish to posses. In this culture the Greeks were polytheistic with one god being more powerful than the others (Zeus). This polytheistic viewpoint was not adopted into our modern religions and has almost become comical among our society. The Greek culture, for the most part, was unorganized and their concepts of multiple gods reflect the ch aos in which they lived. The Hebrew concept of religion on the other hand, though revolutionary in its time, withstood the test of time and is seen throughout modern cultures. The Hebrew concept of monotheism, the belief in one god, shaped their culture as it does many modern cultures.Show MoreRelated The Importance of History Essay992 Words   |  4 PagesWhat is history? Should we study history? Who creates history? Is history relevant? The definition of history, is a question which has sparked international debate for centuries between the writers, readers, and the makers of history. It is a vital topic which should be relevant in our lives because it?s important to acknowledge past events that have occurred in our world that deeply influences the present. This essay will discuss what history is, and why we study it. History is the studyRead MoreThe Importance Of The Discipline Of History1842 Words   |  8 PagesThe premise of the discipline of History is understood to be the packaged and reconstructed historical past and Historiography is understood to be the way in which we study the writings of this historical past and Leopold von Ranke is credited with implementing the processes that changed historiography in the mid-nineteenth century. For context, in assessing some of the contributions made by Leopold von Ranke to the concept of historiography it is necessary to look at the way in which historiographyRead MoreImportance Of Geography On The History1848 Words   |  8 PagesImportance of Geography in the History When the first Europeans came to the new world, the only people they met were different tribes of Native Americans living all over North America. Native American had a huge amount of land that they used for farming and hunting purposes. The natives believed that the land was given to them by their God and no one is the rightful owner of any land in America. The native tribes would move from place one to another and other tribes would come and take live in thatRead MoreThe History and Importance of the Trebuchet1631 Words   |  7 PagesAny sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic. A. C. Clarke (Clarke). Throughout history, people have relied on technology to aid them. Technology has played an important role throughout time as a tool that has allowed people to achieve accomplishments never before possible. Technology has been crucial to survival as it has been used in warfare. Technology was used for both offensive and defense systems during times of sie ge, and could determine the fate of entire empiresRead MoreThe Importance Of Family History1343 Words   |  6 PagesKnowing our family history is essential to understanding ourselves and basic humanity and diversity. Family history helps to keep memories alive and allow each generation to have an idea of who they are and where they come from. It helps to provide meaningful connections to our ancestors. Old photos, letters, and journals give us a glimpse into what our ancestors were really like. Family histories are passed down to generations in the form of stories. As a young kid, I used to cajole my grandfatherRead MoreThe History and Importance of Cotton679 Words   |  3 Pagesmore Natives packing once again. African slaves were free labor that farmers sought out and needed to harvest all the cotton that had been planted. Cotton planters enjoyed hefty profits and sought to expand their thriving enterprises. With this history changing invention, demand for slavery increased mo re than ever. Southern masters bought more and more slaves to increase their cotton production levels. With this demand for cotton and slavery, came the Civil War. The North wanted to completelyRead MoreThe History and Importance of Robots1308 Words   |  6 PagesThe first known robot was created around 400-350 BC by the mathematician Archytas and was a steam powered pigeon. Archytas constructed his bird out of wood and used steam to power the movement of the robot. This bird was then suspended from a pivot bar at one point the bird managed to fly as much as 200 meters before it ran out of steam. This is not only the first known robot. Robots are machines capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically or controlled by imputed source byRead MoreThe Importance of the Study of History Essay676 Words   |  3 Pages to take at least two history courses. Most students take these history courses because they are required to do so. This raises the question, why study history? What is the importance of history to a common being? History is something that has happened and is factual. By knowing these facts, its students can learn how to progress and advance not making the same mistakes. Studying history also provides a sense of respect and pride from its students towards a society. History can also help its studentsRead MoreImportance Of Unions : History And Significance946 Words   |  4 PagesThe Importance of Unions: History and Significance The earliest union was formed in 1768 in New York by Shoemakers. Since then unions continued to be formed but were deliberately exclusive to both specific workers and/or colors. Subsequently, at the beginning of the 1900’s the wage continued to be low, child labor and long work days were common with little to no healthcare, and workers had unsafe working conditions. The labor movement in the United States grew from the muckrakers informing the publicRead More Black History Importance Essay1355 Words   |  6 PagesBlack History Importance The time has come again to celebrate the achievements of all black men and women who have chipped in to form the Black society. There are television programs about the African Queens and Kings who never set sail for America, but are acknowledged as the pillars of our identity. In addition, our black school children finally get to hear about the history of their ancestors instead of hearing about Columbus and the founding of America. The great founding of America briefly

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Defining Love free essay sample

Defining Love: Aim-inhibited Libido or Unconditional Positive Regard? Abstract Love, whilst recognised as a universal experience has been found to be extremely difficult to define. This essay compares and evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of two of the most prominent love theories. The first is Freud’s theory of love as aim-inhibited libido. Aim-inhibited libido can be defined as libido where the sexual instincts have been diverted or disguised due to the means for their fulfilment being forbidden. Roger’s theory of unconditional positive regard is founded on the idea that a healthy love relationship must consist of two self-actualising people. It was found that Freud’s theory was too scientific, while Rogers’ not enough. Subsequently, it was concluded that neither posed a valid explanation of love but if combined they would be very close. Defining Love: Aim-inhibited Libido or Unconditional Positive Regard? Love is a universal experience, yet it is still one of the greatest mysteries left to be solved. We will write a custom essay sample on Defining Love or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page What is love? † is a question theorists from a number of different fields continue to ask. For thousands of years, philosophy and religion have tried to answer this question with an array of different theories. Now, in the last century, with the development of psychology, science is trying to answer it too. The purpose of this essay will be to compare and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of these two significant theories on love to obtain which is more valid. Freud’s theory of aim-inhibited libido was significantly founded on his prior research into sexual development. He believed that sexual development starts at infancy, concluding when a person has sex (Freud, 1905/1953). According to Freud, all going correctly, by the time a person has sex they should be significantly prepared to find a suitable love-object (Freud, 1905/1953). A love-object can be defined as any object or person outside of one’s self toward which one’s sexual instincts are directed (Freud, 1905/1953). Positive regard is reciprocal. This essentially means that when someone realises they are satisfying another’s need for positive regard they also receive satisfaction of their own need for it (Monte, 1999). Roger’s believes that this forms the foundation of a successful, loving relationship. Furthermore, Rogers emphasises that successful relationships only exist where each person has a significant and loving influence on the other person but where each person is also able to grow and change, being viewed as an individual in their own right. He even believed this sometimes involves allowing the other person to explore outside relationships (Rogers, 1978). Subsequently, it is evident that the only way this can be achieved is through unconditional positive regard being given by each person in the relationship. This is why Rogers defines ‘love’ as unconditional positive regard. On analysis of Freud and Rogers’ separate theories it can be seen that they both contain strengths and weaknesses. While Freud’s ideas in the explanation of love as being aim-inhibited libido seem quite unusual, they can be supported by observations of love in society. For example, Freud’s assumption that the sucking of the mother’s breast by the child forms the basis of the model for finding a love-object later and that in fact it is trying to re-find the object relation it had with the mother’s breast is supported by Berlant Lewis in his book Psychoanalysis of Elation. Berlant presents elation as the reliving of the early infantile pleasure at the mother’s breast and that the urge to kiss, similar to sucking, comes from the oral erotic fixations the child has towards its first love object subsequently having the urge to express it when it finds a new one (Hitschmann 1952). This significantly supports Freud’s theory in the connection between the child’s relation to their mother from nursing and the re-finding of a love object. A paper by Jekels and Bergleron the ‘transference of love’ first published in 1934 also supports Freud’s theory of love being a combination of both the ‘sensual current’ and ‘affectionate current’ as they too consider the combination of what they call ‘sensual’ and ‘tender’ ingredients in their attempt to explain the phenomenon of love (Hitschmann, 1952). The weaknesses of Roger’s explanation of love as unconditional positive regard essentially lie in the fact that he views love as being healthy. He does not consider the existence of unhealthy forms of love, which so clearly exist. For example, unrequited love or love that involves the cycle of abuse. Also clearly observable, which Roger’s chooses to exclude from the construction of his theory, is the existence of other forms of love such as that between friends and family (Maslow, 1953). Roger’s idea of love is also very selfish.